How APY Helps Your Savings Grow
Choosing the best place to keep your money is a tough choice regardless of what’s going on outside your front door.
It's easy to get distracted by the results from a quick online search that shows different banks and financial institutions offering a high annual percentage rate, or "APY." The advertised APY determines how much you could potentially earn in interest returns by putting your money in savings accounts and certificates of deposit (CDs).
While it may seem like a no-brainer to pick a savings product based on the highest APY, a true understanding of APY will make for a more informed choice when comparing options.
Here's what every saver should know about APY before opening any new savings account.
What is APY?
Annual percentage yield is the total interest you can earn on a savings vehicle, like a high-yield savings account or CD, in one year.
The interest you earn will show up on your savings statements just like cash that’s added to your savings balance. You can think of it as free money that will help your savings grow as it sits there in your account.
Where to find APY
The Truth in Savings Act requires institutions to disclose APY, among other details like fees and minimum balances, when advertising interest-bearing accounts. You should be able to locate an APY on any savings product advertisement and more information about the APY’s terms in the disclosure or fine print, usually at the bottom of an advertised offer.
While “APY” and “interest rate” are often used interchangeably, they are not the same. An APY reflects an annualized rate of your total potential earnings. An interest rate is just part of the total APY formula. APY also considers how often your interest compounds.
Compound interest is when the sum of your savings balance plus any accumulated interest earns additional interest. The more frequently interest compounds — whether quarterly, monthly, or even daily — the more you’ll earn on your savings.
Here's how the APY formula works:
r = interest rate
n = number of annual compounding periods (e.g., you would input 4 for quarterly, 12 for monthly, or 365 for daily)
Let's say you want to put $10,000 into a savings account offering a 1% interest rate, compounded daily.
After one year, you will have earned a total of $100.50. Note the additional $0.50 is because of the beauty of compound interest, which we’ll discuss in detail next.
The more you save and the higher your interest rate, the bigger the difference between the interest rate and APY will be.
Keep in mind that if your savings account charges fees, they won’t be considered in the APY; you will have to subtract them from your account earnings to get an accurate yield.
Tip: If you’d rather not spend your day solving math problems, plug your numbers into this compound interest calculator.
How compound interest works for you
Remember in the example above how you earned an additional $0.50 in savings because of compound interest? Without it, you would have earned only $100.
So, what is compound interest? When you are trying to grow your money, compound interest acts like a snowball rolling through a yard of wet, sticky snow. While it may seem tiny at first, the snow can accumulate faster than you expect and serve as a powerful wealth-building tool.
Your snowball gets larger as your savings and interest returns accrue more interest.
As you save more money and add to the snowball, you can earn higher amounts of interest, which allows the snowball to grow. The longer your money can compound, the bigger your snowball can get.
Continuing with our earlier example, if you invest $10,000 with a 1% APY compounded daily, you would earn the following interest after each year.
Year 1 - $100.50
Year 2 - $202.01
Year 3 - $304.54
Year 4 - $408.10
Year 5 - $512.70
The higher the APY and the more frequently your interest compounds, the more your money will work for you, allowing your balance to increase faster.
Is APY different from APR?
An annual percentage rate (APR) is how much you pay to borrow money. The Truth in Lending Act requires lenders to disclose APR and other information for borrowers.
Typically, you will see an APR when borrowing money on credit cards, car loans, or your mortgage. Although APR doesn't use compound interest, it may include fees. For example, a mortgage APR may include loan origination fees, points, or closing costs.
Here's how the APR formula works:
For example, let's say you are applying for a five-year $20,000 car loan. The loan has a 5% interest rate and $1,000 in fees and loan costs. Factoring in the fees, your APR would be 7.03%, for a total of $2,645.48 in interest due over the five years. However, if you applied for a car loan with no fees, your interest rate and APR would be the same.
Tip: You can use this APR calculator to estimate your rates for future loans.
While APY and APR aim to standardize rates, there are some key differences, including the calculations and product types in which they’re applied.
Typically, you will see APY when you invest or save, whereas APR must be disclosed when you borrow. Here’s a breakdown of the purpose of each.
An easier way to compare savings products
Now that you have a better understanding of APY, and how it differs from interest rate and APR, you’ll be well equipped to find the best savings products for your needs.
You could spend hours searching for savings accounts with the highest APY and combing through all the fine print. Or you could have SaveBetter handle the heavy lifting for you.
With SaveBetter, you can easily compare high-yield savings products from a curated network of FDIC-insured partner banks. Not only that, but you may wish to save money across a variety of savings products offered by partner banks focused on serving their communities and other mission-focused goals.
The SaveBetter platform allows you to select multiple high-yield banking products, and then manage all of your deposits from one account.
Learn more about how to maximize your savings with SaveBetter here.
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APY means Annual Percentage Yield.
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